Alabama Tax Structure
Ad Valorem/Property Tax
Property (Ad Valorem) taxes are taxes on real and/or personal property. Real property includes the land , any structues permanently attached to the land, as well as mobile homes. Personal property refers to furniture, fixtures, tools, and equipment used in the operation of a business.
Add-ons to Motor Vehicles are considered personal property. "Add-on" equipment is any item added to the cab and chassis of a motor vehicle, either by the origional manufacturer or a secondary manufacturer. Add-on equipment includes, but is not limited to: box type bodies, dumping mechanisms, wrecker rigs, refrigerated bodies, limousines, armored trucks and vans, buses, cement mixer drums, refuse compactors, cranes, booms, propane and petroleum tanks, and flat beds. Other terms used to describe what is refferedd to as add-on equpiment include: added value equipment, specialized equipment, truck equipment, and bodies.
The values published in the Alabama Uniform Motor Vehicle Assessment Schedule for Ad Valorem Taxes, issued by the Department of Revenue, represent the market value of motor vehicle cab and chassis only and do not include the equipment and bodies added to a vehicle after it leaves the origional manufacturer. In these instances, the origional manufacturer builds an incolplete vehicle (cab and chassis) and a secondary manufacturer or "upfitter" adds specialized equipment and/or bodies to an incomplete vehicle. These "add-ons" or "added value" components are to be assessed as business personal property.
All aircraft, including hot air baloons both personal or commercial are considered personal property and as such are taxable in Alabama.
The State Department of Revenue is responsible for determining property value which, by law, must be set according to "Fair and reasonable market value." Your property is probably not for sale, but the appraiser must set the value of the property as if it were to be "SOLD" in an arms length transaction between a willing buyer and a willing seller - neither being under pressure to buy or sell.
Time Table for Collecting Real Property Taxes
Taxes are collected on the following schedule for the year that ended on September 30.
|October 1st||Tax Due|
|January 1st||Tax Delinquent|
|March 1st||Turned Over to Probate Court for Tax Collection|
|April 1st||Advertised for Sale|
|May 1st||Tax Sale|
What to do When you Buy Property
Current Use Value
Current use value is an exemption which applies to class III property. Upon application, the property is taxed based on value to the owner without consideration of the potential value of the property. Current use is applied most commonly to farm land.
Calculating Your Taxes
All taxable property shall be divided into the following classes and shall be assessed for Ad Valorem tax purposes at the following ratios of assessed value of such property:
Example: 40 acres of cropland in the county appraised at $500.00 per acre. Total fair market value is $20,000.00. Appraised value times (X) 10% equals (=)$2,000.00 times (X) .029 millage equals (=) tax due of $58.00.
After an assessed value has been placed on your property the amount of taxes is determined by multiplying the correct tax rate by the assessed value then subtracting the proper exemptions.
Millage Rates Applied to Different Areas of Talladega County
1 mill = 1/10 of 1 penny
|Area of County||Millage Rate|
|City of Talladega||38.5|
|City of Sylacauga||50.5|
|City of Lincoln||39.0|
|City of Oxford||39.0|
|City of Childersburg||41.5|
|City of Munford||39.0|
|District 1C Outside||29.0|
Outside with Childersburg School
Outside with Fayetteville School
Outside with Lincoln School
Outside with Munford School
Taxes are due 1st of October and are delinquent after the 31st of December.
Make Payments in the Following Ways
Failure to pay property tax results in tax sale of property.
If you purchase property during the year, you need to make sure the taxes are paid. The tax bill will usually be in the previous owner's name. You are responsible for taxes on all property you own-no matter how the tax bill might be listed.
State up to 4000 x .0065
County up to 2000 x .0095
Multiply Assessed Value X Millage
Multiply state exemption up to 4000.
Multiply county exemption up to 2000.
Add these two amounts together and subtract from first totals.
This will give you the amount of tax due after exemptions
Assessed Value: 4500 ($45,000 appraised value) District 1
4500 x .029 = $130.50
St.h/x ex. 4000 x .0065 = -26.00
Co.h/s ex. 2000 x .0095 = -19.00
Total Tax Due = $85.50